To Ravka's government, the Shu are known for their scientific advancements and inhumane treatment of Grisha. They are rumored to dissect them in search of the source of their power, some even believing the source to be a Grisha's spleen.
Expanding on their scientific discoveries, the Shu have combined Grisha steel, ruthenium, and bone to create human-weapons known as khergud. They are people who are meant to capture Grisha for the Shu government and for their research. The khergud program was created by Queen Makhi Kir-Taban along with her adviser and physician, Minister Yerwei. The recruitment of soldiers to become khergud was called the Iron Heart Program.
Shu Han's technology is shown to rival that of Ravka.
- Khem Aba - a valley in the Shu countryside with many canyons in the outskirts of Ahmrat Jen
- The Sikurzoi - a large mountain range that borders Shu Han to the north. It prevents Ravkan armies from mounting an attack.
The southwest region is composed of plateaus, forests, and plains, and is bordered by the sea.
Shu Han resides in a state of perpetual summer. Even when its northern neighbor Ravka is in winter, Shu Han remains warm and sunny.
People of Shu descent have a common trait of straight black hair and yellow-gold eyes.
Twins are common among the Shu. The word for "twin" in Shu is kebben, which also can mean "close kin" or "someone bound to your heart."
- Ahmrat Jen - the capital city and home to the Shu royal family, as well as a monastery of Assassins.
- Bhez Ju - a port city which appears to hold laboratories used to produce jurda parem.
- Koba - a city next to a swamp near the border between Ravka and Shu Han where Grisha are sold to mercenaries or Shu scientists/mediks.
- Paar - a city affected by the blight
- Kobu - a city where one of Makhi's laboratories was located before it was closed by her grandmother.
- Nehlu - A town home to Mayu Kir-Kaat and her kebben Reyem Yul-Kaat. One of the larger towns in Shu Han.
- Main article: Shu language
Though a religion has yet to be specified, the Darkling references having seen temples in Ahmrat Jen. The Six Soldiers, the sacred protectors of Shu Han, may feature in Shu religion. Sankta Neyar is one of the Six Soldiers; her temple is located in Ahmrat Jen.
The Shu are ruled by the Taban family, one of which is Nikolai's fiancee, Ehri Kir-Taban. She is beloved by the people of Shu Han. It is a matriarchal monarchy, meaning power is usually passed to the eldest daughter, although the reigning queen can make an exception, as seen with Keyen Kir-Taban bypassing her oldest daughter, Makhi, to name Ehri her heir. The current queen is Leyti Kir-Taban after she rescinded her granddaughter's blessing and claimed the throne after she learned about Makhi's plans and the Iron Heart Program.
The color blue is traditionally worn as a sign of mourning.
The Shu seem to value the color green, as well as falcon imagery, taken from the original Taban queens who tamed falcons from the mountains of the Sikurzoi. The original Taban queens were called the Taban yenok-yun, “the storm that stayed”.
- Ehri Kir-Taban
- Makhi Kir-Taban
- Mayu Kir-Kaat
- Kuwei Yul-Bo (formerly)
- Bo Yul-Bayur †
- Botkin Yul-Erdene † (formerly)
- Minister Yerwei
- Akeni Kir-Taban
- Minister Zihun
- Minister Nagh
- Kheru Kir-Taban
- Yenye Kir-Taban
- Jhem Kir-Taban
- Reyem Yul-Kaat
- Shu Han is based on Mongolia and China. The name is taken from one of the Chinese states of the Three Kingdoms period.
- The Shu are named after one of their parents or both, e.g. Bo Yul-Bayur's son, Kuwei, doesn't receive his father surname, Yul-Bayur or "son of Bayur" in the Shu language, but Yul-Bo, "son of Bo." The only exception to this rule is the royal family who are named after the first queen, Taban.
- The names Bayur and Bataar are common Mongolian names, while Kuwei seems to be Chinese.